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Nuclear power plants, world-wide

On December 20, 1951, at the Experimental Breeder Reactor EBR-I in Arco, Idaho, USA, for the first time electricity - illuminating four light bulbs - was produced by nuclear energy. EBR-I was not designed to produce electricity but to validate the breeder reactor concept.

Experimental Breeder Reactor EBR-I
First electricity production by nuclear energy
Experimental Breeder Reactor EBR-I, 20 Dec.1951, Arco, Idaho, USA

On June 26, 1954, at Obninsk, Russia, the nuclear power plant APS-1 with a net electrical output of 5 MW was connected to the power grid, the world's first nuclear power plant that generated electricity for commercial use. On August 27, 1956 the first commercial nuclear power plant, Calder Hall 1, Eng-land, with a net electrical output of 50 MW was connected to the national grid.

As of March 11, 2014 in 31 countries 435 nuclear power plant units with an installed electric net capacity of about 372 GW are in operation and 72 plants with an installed capacity of 68 GW are in 15 countries under construction.

As of end 2011 the total electricity production since 1951 amounts to 69,760 billion kWh. The cumulative operating experience amounted to 15,080 years by end of 2012.

Country

In operation

Under construction

Number

Electr. net output
MW

Number

Electr. net output
MW

Argentina

2

935

2

717

Armenia

1

375

-

-

Belarus

-
-

1

1.109

Belgium

7

5,927

-

-

Brazil

2

1,884

1

1,245

Bulgaria

2

1,906

-

-

Canada

19

13,500

-

-

China
(6 reactors in Taiwan)

21

16,890

28

27,756

Czech Republic

6

3,804

-

-

Finland

4

2,752

1

1,600

France

58

63,130

1

1,600

Germany

9

12,068

-

-

Hungary

4

1,889

-

-

India

21

5,308

6

3,907

Iran

1

915

-

-

Japan

48

42,388

2

1.325

Korea, Republic

23

20,710

5

6,370

Mexico

2

1,330

-

-

Netherlands

1

482

-

-

Pakistan

3

690

2

630

Romania

2

1,300

-

-

Russian Federation

33

23,643

10

8,382

Slovakian Republic

4

1,815

2

880

Slovenia

1

688

-

-

South Africa

2

1,860

-

-

Spain

7

7,121

-

-

Sweden

10

9,474

-

-

Switzerland

5

3,308

-

-

Ukraine

15

13,107

2

1,900

United Arab Emirates

-

-

2

2,690

United Kingdom

16

9,231

-

-

USA

104

101,465

5

5,633

Total

435

372,022

72

68,344

Nuclear power plants world-wide, in operation and under construction, IAEA as of 11 March 2014

 

 

 

 


 

 


 

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