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Glossary of nuclear terms

by Winfried Koelzer

Nuclear Glossary as PDF-file
(6.5 MB, Edition February 2013)

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A...
Activation analysis
Amplitude analyzer Annihilation radiation Annual limit on intake
Annular gap Anticoincidence circuit Antimatter
Antiparticles Argonaut ASME
Asse Atom Atomic bomb
Atomic clock Atomic number Atomic weight
ATWS Autoradiolysis Autoradiogram
Availability factor AVM procedure AVR

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B...
BMU
Boiling water reactor Bone seeker Boron counter
Borosilicate glass Bq BR2
Breeding Breeding factor Breeding gain
Breeding process Breeding ratio Breeding reactor
Bremsstrahlung Bubble chamber Build-up factor
Burnup BWR  

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C...
C-14 Calder Hall CANDU
Canister Capacity factor Capacity operating hours
Carbon-14 Castor CEA
Centrifuge Cerenkov radiation Chain reaction
Chernobyl Chop and leach Chromatography
Ci Cladding Classification of elements
Closed-circuit cooling systems Closed-circuit ventilation Cloud chamber
Coal equivalent Coated particles Cogeneration
Coincidence Collective dose Commission on Radiological Protection
Committed dose Compact storage basins Company for Industrial Plants and Nuclear Safety
Compton effect Condensing basin Containment
Contamination Control rod Controlled area
Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy Conversion Conversion coefficient, internal
Conversion electron Conversion, radioactive Converter reactor
Coolant Cooling pond Cooling tower
Core Core catcher Core meltdown
Core meltdown retention basin Cosmic radiation CP-1
Critical Critical experiment Critical mass
Critical size Criticality Criticality accident
Criticality safety Criticality, prompt Crud
Curie Cyclotron  

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D...
DAtF Dating, radioactive Daughter and grandchild nuclides
DBE Decay Decay basin
Decay chains, natural Decay constant Decay time
Decommissioning of nuclear power plants Decontamination Decontamination factor
Degree of enrichment Delayed critical Demineralized water
Depleted uranium Depletion Depth dose
Depth dose, relative Design basis accident Detection limit
Deterministic radiation effect Deuterium Deuteron
Deutsches Atomforum (German Atomic Forum) DIDO Diffusion separation process
Direct cooling Direct radiation Directional dose equivalent
Disaster control plans Discussion date Dispersion calculations
Disposal precaution Dissolution device Dissolver
District heating power plant Diversity Dodecane
Dollar Doppler effect Dose
Dose build-up factor Dose coefficient Dose effect curve
Dose equivalent Dose equivalent rate Dose limit value
Dose rate Dose-effect relation Dosimeter
Dosimetry Doubling time Dry cooling tower
Dry storage DTPA  

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E
ECCS Ecology Ecosystem
Efficiency Electromagnetic isotope separation Electromagnetic radiation
Electron Electron capture Electron equilibrium
Electron volt Element Element, artificial
Elementary charge Elementary particles Emergency core cooling system
Emission Emission height Enclosed radioactive substances
Energy Energy balance record Energy carrier
Energy conversion Energy requirement Energy reserves
Energy units Engineered storage Enriched uranium
Enrichment Enrichment chains Enrichment factor
Enrichment method ENS Environmental load
environmental monitoring EPR Equilibrium, radioactive
Equipment availability factor ERAM Euratom basic safety standards
Eurochemic European Pressurized Water Reactor eV
EVA Evacuation plans Examination threshold
Excess reactivity Excitation energy for nuclear fission Excited state
Exclusion area Excursion Exhaust air path
Experimental reactor Experimentation channel Exposure path
Extraction Extractor

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F...
Fail safe Fallout Fast breeding reactor
Fast fission factor Fast reactor FBR
FE Federal Office for Radiation Protection Fertile material
Film dosimeter
Final energy Financial security
Fissile material Fissile material flow control Fissility
Fission Fission chamber Fission gas
Fission gas plenum Fission neutron Fission neutron yield
Fission product poison Fission products Fission yield
Fission, spontaneous Fission, thermal Fissium, simulated
FMRB FORATOM FR 2
FRG-1 FRG-2 FRH
FRJ-1 FRJ-2 FRM
FRM II FRMZ Fuel
Fuel comparison Fuel cycle Fuel element
Fuel element, irradiated Fuel element, spent Fuel reprocessing
Fuel rod Fuel, ceramic Fusion

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G...
Gamma quantum Gamma radiation Gas amplification
Gas centrifuge process Gas flow counter Gas-cooled reactor
Gaseous diffusion process Geiger-Müller counter Geometrically safe
GeV GKN-1 GKN-2
Glass dosimeter Glove Box Gonad dose
Gorleben Gray Ground radiation
GRS GW Gwe
Gy    

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H...
Hafnium Half-life Half-life, biological
Half-life, effective Half-value thickness Halogen-quench Geiger tube
Handling of radioactive substances Harrisburg HAW
HDR Head-end Heavy hydrogen
Heavy water Heavy-water reactor HEPA filter
Heterogeneous reactor HFR High-temperature reactor
Homogeneous reactor Hot Hot cell
Hot laboratory Hot workshop HTR
Hydrogen bomb Hydrogen sulphide process Hyperons . .

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I..

IAEA

ICRP

ICRU

IK

ILL

Imission

Incident

Incident precautions

Incident probability analysis

Incident sequence analysis

Incident/accident levels

Incorporation

Indicator

Inert gas

INES

Informationskreis Kernenergie

Ingestion

Inhalation

Inherently safe

INIS

In-pile

Intake

Integrity under aircraft crash

Interaction

Interaction, strong

Interaction, weak

Interim storage facilities for fuel elements

Interim storage of spent fuel elements

Intermediate load power plant

International Commission on Radiological Protection

Intervention

Intervention threshold

Iodine filter

Ion

Ion dose

Ion exchanger

Ionization

Ionization chamber

Ionizing radiation

IRPA

Isobars

Isodose curve

Isomers

Isotones

Isotope

Isotope enrichment

Isotope exchange

Isotope laboratory

Isotope separation

Isotopic abundance

Isotopic abundance, natural

Isotopic dilution analysis

ITER

Top

J...

Jet

 

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K...

KBR

K-capture

KERMA

Kerntechnischer Hilfsdienst

Kerosene

keV

Key measurement point

KFÜ

KGR

KHG

Kilogram, effective

KKB

KKE

KKG

KKI-1

KKI-2

KKK

KKN

KKP-1

KKP-2

KKR

KKS

KKU

KKW-Nord

K-meson

KMK

KNK-II

Konrad

K-radiation

KRB-A

KRB-B

KRB-C

KTA

KTG

KWG

KWL

KWO

KWW

 


Top

L...

Large-scale research facilities

LAW

LD50

Leach rate

Lepton

LET

Lethal dose

Liability convention

Liability for nuclear facilities

Licensing procedure

Life time, mean

Light water reactor

Linac

Line losses

Linear accelerator

Linear amplifier

Linear energy transfer

Linear heat generation rate

Liquid scintillation counter

LMFBR

Load ranges of power plants

LOCA

Local dose

Long-lived radionuclides

Long-time dispersion factor

Loop

Lost concrete shielding

Lost energy

Low-temperature rectification

LSC

LWR

 

 

Top

M...

µCi

30-millirem concept

Magnetic lens

Magnox

Magnox reactor

Maintenance

MAK

Manipulator

Marking

Mass deficiency

Mass number

Mass spectrograph, mass spectrometer

Mass, critical

Material balance area

Material, depleted

Material, enriched

Material, unaccounted for

MAW

Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics

Maximum capacity

Maximum credible accident

MBA

MCA

MCI

Mechanical-draft cooling tower

Megawatt

Meson

MeV

Microcurie

Millicurie

Millirem

Mixed oxide

Mixer settler

Moderation

Moderator

Molecule

Monazite

Monitor

Monitoring area

Monte-Carlo Method

MOX

mrem

MTR

MUF

Mülheim-Kärlich

Multiple disaggregation

Multiple-channel analyser

Multiplication factor

MW

MWd

MWd/t

MWe

MWth

MZFR

Top

N...

Natural draught cooling tower

Natural uranium

nCi

NEA

Neutrino

Neutron

Neutron activation analysis

Neutron density

Neutron flux density

Neutron source

Neutron, fast

Neutron, intermediate

Neutron, slow

Neutrons, delayed

Neutrons, epithermal

Neutrons, prompt

Neutrons, thermal

Non-destructive testing

Non-energetic consumption

Non-proliferation Treaty

Normal operation and anticipated operational occurrences

NPP

NPT

NRC

NSSS

Nuclear chemistry

Nuclear energy

Nuclear event

Nuclear facility

Nuclear fission

Nuclear fuel

Nuclear fuel cycle

Nuclear fusion

Nuclear material monitoring

Nuclear medicine

Nuclear parent

Nuclear poison

Nuclear power plant

Nuclear power plants in Europe

Nuclear power plants in Germany

Nuclear power plants, world-wide

Nuclear power plants, world-wide, in order of electricity generation

Nuclear power plants, world-wide, reactor types

Nuclear reactor

Nuclear reactor telemonitoring system

Nucleon

Nucleus

Nuclide

Nuclide chart

Top

O...

"Otto Hahn"

Off-gas treatment

Oklo

Open radioactive substances

Operating experience with nuclear power plants

Operating hours

Operating manual

Organ committed dose

Organ dose

Output, specific

Overheating

 

Top

p...

2 pi-counter

4 pi-counter

Pair generation

Paris Convention

Partial body dose

Particle accelerator

Partition wall process

Party responsible for radiation protection

Peak load power plants

Pebble bed reactor

Pellet

Pen dosimeter

Period

Personal dose

Persons exposed to radiation in their work

Phosphate glass dosimeter

Photo-cathode

Photo-effect

Photon

PHWR

Pi meson

Pinch effect

Pion

Plasma

Plateau

Plutonium

Poison

Poisoning

Pollux

Pool reactor

Positron

Power generation, Germany

Power generation, nuclear power plants in Germany

Power generation, nuclear power plants in Europe

Power generation, nuclear power plants world-wide

Power reactor

ppb

ppm

Pressure tube reactor

Pressure vessel

Pressurized water reactor

Primary energy

Primary energy consumption, Germany

Primary energy reserves

Proliferation

Proportional counter

Proton

Pulsed column

Pulsed reactor

Pure element

PUREX

PUREX process

PWR


Top

Q...

Quality assurance

Quality factor

 


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R...

R

rad

Radiation

Radiation biology

Radiation chemistry

Radiation damage in human beings

Radiation damage, biological

Radiation damage, early symptoms

Radiation damage, physical-chemical

Radiation detector

Radiation effect in the case of very high whole-body irradiation

Radiation effect, stochastic

Radiation exposure, average in Germany

Radiation exposure, building material, Germany

Radiation exposure, civilization-related, Germany

Radiation exposure, comparability, natural/ civilization-related

Radiation exposure, cosmic

Radiation exposure, dose limits, Germany

Radiation exposure, medical, Germany

Radiation exposure, natural

Radiation exposure, nuclear power plants, Germany

Radiation exposure, occupational, Germany

Radiation exposure, power plants

Radiation exposure, terrestrial

Radiation hygiene

Radiation medicine

Radiation physics

Radiation protection

Radiation protection areas

Radiation protection officer

Radiation syndrome

Radiation weighting factors

Radiation, characteristic

Radiation-exposed persons

Radio diagnostics

Radio iodine

Radioactive isotope

Radioactive substances

Radioactivity

Radioactivity, induced

Radioactivity, natural

Radiocarbon

Radiochemistry

Radioecology

Radio-element

Radiogram

Radiography

Radioisotope generator

Radiology

Radiolysis

Radionuclide

Radionuclides, cosmogenic

Radionuclides, primordial

Radio-photoluminescence

Radioscopy

Radiotherapy

Radiotoxicity

Radium

Radon

Range, medium free

Rasmussen report

Ratemeter

RBMK

RBW

rd

RDB

Reactivity

Reactor control

Reactor coolant

Reactor coolant circuit

Reactor pressure vessel

Reactor protection system

Reactor risk study

Reactor Safety Commission

Reactor time constant

Reactor types, world-wide

Reactor, fast

Reactor, gas-cooled

Reactor, thermal

Receiving point

Recording threshold

Redundancy

Reference nuclide

Reference threshold

Reflector

Relative biological effect

rem

Reprocessing

Reprocessing Plant Karlsruhe

Reprocessing plants, world-wide

Research reactor

Residual risk

Residual heat

Resistance to leaching

Rest energy

roentgen

Rupture protection

Top

S...

Separative work

Shim rod

Shipper/receiver difference

Short-lived radionuclides

Short-time dispersion

Shutdown reactivity

Shutdown rod

Sievert

Single failure

Skin dose

Skyshine

SNR-300

Soft tissue

Solidification

Solvent extraction

Source material

Spallation

Spark chamber

Spin

SSK

State collecting facilities

State, excited

Steam bubble coefficient

Stellarator

Stochastic radiation effect

Storage ring

Subcritical arrangement

Subcritical mass

Suitable for ultimate waste disposal

Supercritical arrangement

Supercritical reactor

SUR-100

Synchro-cyclotron

Synchrotron

Top

T...

TBP

TLD

Tokamak

Transmutation

Transport of radioactive substances

Transuranium element

Tributyl phosphate

TRIGA

Trip

Tritium

Triton

Top

U..

UTA

 

Top

V...

VAK

Top

W..

WAK

Top

X...

Top

Y...

 

 

Top

Z...

Top

 

 

 


 

 


 

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