Measure of a radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... effect to be indicated more precisely. The absorbed doseThe absorbed dose D is the quotient of the average energy tr... indicates the total radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics...energyAbility to do work or diffuse heat. The unit of energy is th... absorbed by the irradiated matter in grayName for the unit of absobed dose, symbol: Gy. 1 Gray = 1 jo... (GySymbol for the absobed dose unit gray.). Central dose variables in radiation protectionRadiation protection deals with the protection of individual... are “organ dose” and “effective dose”. The term “body dose” is used as a collective term for organ doseThe organ dose HT,R is the product of the organ absorbed dos... and effective dose. The latter two are protective variables in radiation protectionRadiation protection deals with the protection of individual..., including riskIn risk comparisons in particular, a risk is frequently defi... assessment. They form a basis for the assessment of the probability of stochastic radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... effects for absorbed doses far below the thresholds for deterministic radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... damage. The unit of these dose values is sievertSpecial unit name for the organ dose and the effective dose;..., symbol: Sv.
The Radiological Protection Ordinance requires measurement of the personal doseThe Radiological Protection Ordinance requires measurement o... for the determination of the body doseBody dose is the general term for effective dose and organ d... which cannot be measured directly. personal doseThe Radiological Protection Ordinance requires measurement o... is the dose equivalentAccording to ICRU Report 51 the dose equivalent, H, is the p... measured in the measuring variables of depth doseDose equivalent in 10 mm depth in the body at the point of a... and skin doseThe skin dose Hp(0.07) is the dose equivalent at a depth of ... at an area of the body surface representative of radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... exposure. The depth doseDose equivalent in 10 mm depth in the body at the point of a... Hp(10) in this case is an estimated value for the effective dose for whole body exposure with penetrating radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... and the organ doses of deep organs and the skin doseThe skin dose Hp(0.07) is the dose equivalent at a depth of ... Hp(0,07) are an estimated value for the skin doseThe skin dose Hp(0.07) is the dose equivalent at a depth of ....
The dose variables used in radiation protection in more detail:
dose equivalentAccording to ICRU Report 51 the dose equivalent, H, is the p...
The dose equivalentAccording to ICRU Report 51 the dose equivalent, H, is the p... is the product of the absorbed doseThe absorbed dose D is the quotient of the average energy tr... in ICRUInternational Commission on Radiological Units and Measureme... (see ‘Soft tissueFor dosimetric purposes, soft tissue is a homogenous materia...‘ and ‘Quality factor’). In the case of several radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... types and radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... energies the total dose equivalentAccording to ICRU Report 51 the dose equivalent, H, is the p... is the sum of its determined individual amounts. The unit of the dose equivalentAccording to ICRU Report 51 the dose equivalent, H, is the p... is sievertSpecial unit name for the organ dose and the effective dose;....
Effective doseThe effective dose is the suitable variable to indicate a uniform dose value in case of different exposure of various body parts in order to evaluate the riskIn risk comparisons in particular, a risk is frequently defi... of late radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... injuries. The effective dose E is the sum of the average organ doses HT in the individual organs and tissues of the body due to external or internal radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... exposure multiplied by the tissue weighting factors WT.
The absorbed doseThe absorbed dose D is the quotient of the average energy tr... D is the quotient from the average energyAbility to do work or diffuse heat. The unit of energy is th... transferred to the matter in a volume elementChemical base material which cannot be chemically converted ... by ionizing radiationAny radiation which directly or indirectly ionizes, e.g. alp... and the mass of the matter in this volume elementChemical base material which cannot be chemically converted ...:
The unit of the absorbed doseThe absorbed dose D is the quotient of the average energy tr... is joule divided by kilogram (J·kg-1) and its special unit name is grayName for the unit of absobed dose, symbol: Gy. 1 Gray = 1 jo... (GySymbol for the absobed dose unit gray.). The former unit name was radFormer unit of absorbed dose (rad: radiation absorbed dose);... (symbol: rdSymbol for energy unit. ( See rad ). or radFormer unit of absorbed dose (rad: radiation absorbed dose);...).1 GySymbol for the absobed dose unit gray. = 100 rdSymbol for energy unit. ( See rad ).; 1 rdSymbol for energy unit. ( See rad ). = 1/100 GySymbol for the absobed dose unit gray..
Committed doseThe irradiation of tissue or organs with incorporated radion...
The irradiation of tissue or organs by incorporated radionuclides is distributed over the incorporationGeneral: intake in the body. Specific: intake of radioactive...periodreactor period. This periodreactor period depends upon the physical half-lifeThe period during which half of the nuclei decay in a quanti... and the biokinetic behaviour of the radionuclideUnstable nuclide spontaneously decaying without external eff.... The Committed doseThe irradiation of tissue or organs with incorporated radion... is the time integral of the dose rateThe dose rate is the quotient of dose and time; e.g. the dos... in a tissue or organ over time. The organ committed doseThe organ committed dose HT(t) for an incorporation at the t... HT() for incorporationGeneral: intake in the body. Specific: intake of radioactive... at time t0 is the time integral of the organ doseThe organ dose HT,R is the product of the organ absorbed dos...dose rateThe dose rate is the quotient of dose and time; e.g. the dos... in the tissue or organ T. If no integration periodreactor period is indicated, a periodreactor period of 50 years for adults and the periodreactor period from the respective age to the age of 70 years for children are used as a basis:
skin doseThe skin dose Hp(0.07) is the dose equivalent at a depth of ...
The skin doseThe skin dose Hp(0.07) is the dose equivalent at a depth of ... Hp(0.07) is the dose equivalentAccording to ICRU Report 51 the dose equivalent, H, is the p... in 0.07 mm depth in the body at the application point of the personal dosimeterAn instrument to measure the personal or local dose (see 'Io.... organ doseThe organ dose HT,R is the product of the organ absorbed dos...
Equivalent dose
The equivalent dose HT,RSymbol for roentgen is the product of the organ absorbed doseThe absorbed dose D is the quotient of the average energy tr... DT,RSymbol for roentgen averaged over the tissue/organ T generated by the radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics...RSymbol for roentgen and the radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics...weighting factorSee tissue weighting factor. WR.
If the radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... consists of types and energies with different WR values, the individual values are added.
radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... type and energyAbility to do work or diffuse heat. The unit of energy is th... range
radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics...weighting factorSee tissue weighting factor. WR
Photons, all energies
1
Electrons and muons, all energies
1
Neutrons:
< 10 keVKiloelectron volt; 1 keV = 1,000 eV; See 'Electron volt'.
5
10 keVKiloelectron volt; 1 keV = 1,000 eV; See 'Electron volt'. to 100 keVKiloelectron volt; 1 keV = 1,000 eV; See 'Electron volt'.
10
>100 keVKiloelectron volt; 1 keV = 1,000 eV; See 'Electron volt'. to 2 MeVMegaelectron volt, 1,000,000 eV.
20
>2 MeVMegaelectron volt, 1,000,000 eV. to 20 MeVMegaelectron volt, 1,000,000 eV.
Protons, except for recoil protons, > 2 MeVMegaelectron volt, 1,000,000 eV.
5
Alpha particles, fissionSee 'nuclear fission'. fragments, heavy nuclei
20
radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics...weighting factorSee tissue weighting factor.
Local doseDose equivalent for soft tissue measured at a certain point....
The Local doseDose equivalent for soft tissue measured at a certain point.... is the dose equivalentAccording to ICRU Report 51 the dose equivalent, H, is the p... for Soft tissueFor dosimetric purposes, soft tissue is a homogenous materia... measured at a certain point. The Local doseDose equivalent for soft tissue measured at a certain point.... in the case of penetrating radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... is the ambient dose equivalentThe ambient dose equivalent H*(10) at the point of interest ...; the Local doseDose equivalent for soft tissue measured at a certain point.... for radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... with low penetration depth is the directional dose equivalentThe directional dose equivalent H'(0.07, ) at the point of i.... The Local doseDose equivalent for soft tissue measured at a certain point.... in the case of penetrating radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... is an estimated value for the effective dose and the organ doses of deep organs for radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... with low penetration depth is an estimated value for the skin doseThe skin dose Hp(0.07) is the dose equivalent at a depth of ... of a person at the place of measurement.
personal doseThe Radiological Protection Ordinance requires measurement o...
The Radiological Protection Ordinance requires measurement of the personal doseThe Radiological Protection Ordinance requires measurement o... for determination of the body doseBody dose is the general term for effective dose and organ d.... The personal doseThe Radiological Protection Ordinance requires measurement o... is the dose equivalentAccording to ICRU Report 51 the dose equivalent, H, is the p... measured in the measuring variables of depth doseDose equivalent in 10 mm depth in the body at the point of a... and skin doseThe skin dose Hp(0.07) is the dose equivalent at a depth of ... at a spot representative of radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... exposure at the body surface. The depth personal doseThe Radiological Protection Ordinance requires measurement o... in the case of whole body exposure to penetrating radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... is an estimated value for the effective dose and the organ doses of deep organs and the skin doseThe skin dose Hp(0.07) is the dose equivalent at a depth of ... an estimated value for the skin doseThe skin dose Hp(0.07) is the dose equivalent at a depth of ....
The directional dose equivalentThe directional dose equivalent H'(0.07, ) at the point of i... H'(0.07,) at the point of interest in the actual radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... field is the dose equivalentAccording to ICRU Report 51 the dose equivalent, H, is the p... which would be generated in the associated expanded radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... field at a depth of 0.07 mm on the radius of the ICRUInternational Commission on Radiological Units and Measureme... sphere (see ‘ICRUInternational Commission on Radiological Units and Measureme... sphere’) which is oriented in the fixed direction .
depth doseDose equivalent in 10 mm depth in the body at the point of a...
The depth doseDose equivalent in 10 mm depth in the body at the point of a... Hp(10) is the dose equivalentAccording to ICRU Report 51 the dose equivalent, H, is the p... at a body depth of 10 mm at the point of application of the personal dosimeterAn instrument to measure the personal or local dose (see 'Io....
personal doseThe Radiological Protection Ordinance requires measurement o...dose equivalentAccording to ICRU Report 51 the dose equivalent, H, is the p...
The personal doseThe Radiological Protection Ordinance requires measurement o...dose equivalentAccording to ICRU Report 51 the dose equivalent, H, is the p... H*(10) at the point of interest in the actual radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... field is the dose equivalentAccording to ICRU Report 51 the dose equivalent, H, is the p... which would be generated in the associated oriented and expanded radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics... field at a depth of 10 mm on the radius of the ICRUInternational Commission on Radiological Units and Measureme... sphere which is oriented opposite to the direction of incidentSequence of events, on occurrence of which plant operation o...radiationEnergy dispersion through matter or space. In atomic physics....
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